Troisième réunion de la Conférence des Parties à la Convention de Minamata sur le mercure (COP3)

Switzerland, 25 nov 2019 - 29 nov 2019

La troisième réunion de la Conférence des Parties à la Convention de Minamata sur le mercure s'est tenue du 25 au 29 novembre 2019 au Centre International de Conférences de Genève, en Suisse.

La liste des Parties à la COP3 est disponible ici.

La couverture quotidienne ainsi que les comptes-rendus préparés par le Bulletin des Négociations de la Terre sont disponibles (en anglais) sur le site internet d’IISD à l’adresse : http://enb.iisd.org/mercury/cop3/

Vous trouverez les vidéos et les images de la réunion ici.

Après la COP3, le Secrétariat a contacté les parties et les parties prenantes concernant les questions de suivi. La lettre de suivi est disponible ici (en anglais).

Les fiches d'information sur les activités du programme de travail, soumises à la COP3 en tant que document d'information UNEP/MC/COP.3/INF/9, ont été mises à jour par le Secrétariat sur la base des décisions de la COP3 et sont disponibles ici (en anglais).

Les fiches mises à jour donnent un aperçu des activités prévues pendant la période intersessions jusqu'à la C0P4. Veuillez noter, cependant, qu'elles ne contiennent pas nécessairement toutes les dernières informations détaillées sur les travaux en cours. Pour plus d'informations, veuillez consulter la page dédiée aux travaux intersessions et les contributions à la COP4 et le budget de la Convention de Minamata pour 2020-2021 disponible ici.

2019-11-25T07:58:35 - 2019-11-29T07:58:35
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Meeting Information

La troisième réunion de la Conférence des Parties à la Convention de Minamata sur le mercure s'est tenue du 25 au 29 novembre 2019 au Centre International de Conférences de Genève, en Suisse.

La liste des Parties à la COP3 est disponible ici.

La couverture quotidienne ainsi que les comptes-rendus préparés par le Bulletin des Négociations de la Terre sont disponibles (en anglais) sur le site internet d’IISD à l’adresse : http://enb.iisd.org/mercury/cop3/

Vous trouverez les vidéos et les images de la réunion ici.

Après la COP3, le Secrétariat a contacté les parties et les parties prenantes concernant les questions de suivi. La lettre de suivi est disponible ici (en anglais).

Les fiches d'information sur les activités du programme de travail, soumises à la COP3 en tant que document d'information UNEP/MC/COP.3/INF/9, ont été mises à jour par le Secrétariat sur la base des décisions de la COP3 et sont disponibles ici (en anglais).

Les fiches mises à jour donnent un aperçu des activités prévues pendant la période intersessions jusqu'à la C0P4. Veuillez noter, cependant, qu'elles ne contiennent pas nécessairement toutes les dernières informations détaillées sur les travaux en cours. Pour plus d'informations, veuillez consulter la page dédiée aux travaux intersessions et les contributions à la COP4 et le budget de la Convention de Minamata pour 2020-2021 disponible ici.

Documents
COP3 Photo gallery

To see photos from the Conference, please visit our Flickr Albums

 

Agenda
Side Event
13:00 - 14:00

CET

Room 3

Article 21 of the Convention requests parties to periodically report on the measures taken to implement the Convention, effectiveness of these measures, and possible challenges they face. The first "short" reporting is due by 31 December 2019, covering Article 3 (mercury supply and trade) and Article 11 (waste). The full reporting is due by 31 December 2021, when parties are expected to report on the measures to phase out mercury-added products by 2020, national action plan on artisanal and small-scale gold mining, etc.

14:00 - 15:00

CET

Room 2

Modérateur/Moderator  Mme/Ms. Oarabile Serumola (Botswana)

Thèmes Items Speakers / Intervenants Duration
Conclusions sur l’analyse de la situation régionale sur la dentisterie en Afrique Conclusions on the analysis of the regional situation on dentistry in Africa Ing. Serge Molly Allo'o Allo'o (Gabon) 5mn
Pourquoi la région Afrique soutien-t-il l’élimination de l’amalgame dentaire ? Why does the Africa region support the face out dental amalgam? Dr. Christopher Kapeshi (Zambia) 5mn
Expérience des alternatives disponibles pour une dentisterie sans mercure en Afrique : Cas de la Côte d’Ivoire Experience of alternatives available for mercury-free dentistry in Africa: Case of Côte d'Ivoire Dr. Sy Martial (Côte d’Ivoire) 5mn
Pourquoi l’Alliance mondiale pour une dentisterie sans mercure soutient la proposition d’amendement de la région Afrique ? Why is the Global Alliance for Mercury Free Dentistry supporting the Africa Region Amendment Proposal? Charlie G. Brown (USA)

Sharhriar Hossain Ph.D Vice President, World Alliance (Asia Pacific/ Bangladesh)
5mn

5mn
Dentisterie sans mercure, opportunité sanitaires et environnementales pour les pays en développement Mercury-free dentistry, health and environmental opportunities for developing countries Mariscia Charles (Guyana) 5mn
Fondement juridique de la proposition d’amendement de l’Annexe A proposé par la région Afrique Legal basis of the proposed amendment to Annex A proposed by the Africa region Dr. Wondwossen Syntayehu (Ethiopie/Institut Africain) 5mn
Questions réponse Reactions/comments   20mn

Le Side Event se déroulera en français et en anglais avec une traduction simultanée dans les deux langues. Des sandwiches et des boissons seront servis / The Side Event will be held in French and English with simultaneous translation in both languages. Sandwiches and drinks will be served

13:15 - 14:45

CET

Room 3

Introduction

Multilateral Environmental Agreements are fundamental instruments in strengthening the environmental dimension of 2030 Agenda. In this wider context of sustainable development, the MEAs have a crucial role not only in responding to environmental challenges but preserving the human wellbeing, healthy ecosystems and food security.

The biodiversity and chemicals/waste related MEAs cut across all the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.  In addition to their distinct legal mandates, many interlinkages exist across the conventions. These interlinkages and cross-cutting issues provide concrete footsteps and opportunities for closer cooperation at all levels. New thinking and models for action are needed to reverse the current environmental trends.  There are increasing calls to address the challenges coherently by working together, outside the silos.

The current ongoing processes on post-2020 framework for SAICM and the post-2020 biodiversity framework provide important avenues for enhancing policy coherence and cooperation. These future looking processes offer concrete ways to enhance synergies both among the different MEAs as well as in the wider UN-system.  The Chemicals and Waste Branch of UNEP in consultation with Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC) and other institutions is currently working on an Assessment paper, which seeks to assess the linkages between chemicals and waste management and other international policy agendas and to identify opportunities for coordination and cooperation. The paper presents an entry point to further build on synergies between identified policy agendas, including implementing biodiversity and chemicals/waste agendas at national, regional and global level. 

UNEP and the various environmental agreements need to further strengthen the joint actions to deliver on the environmental dimension of the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. Promoting synergies of MEAs across biodiversity and chemicals/ waste clusters is one of the key areas of work in this regard. 

13:15 - 14:45

CET

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is the largest anthropogenic source of mercury globally. Under the Minamata Convention on Mercury, Parties agreed to take steps to reduce, and where feasible eliminate, the use of mercury and mercury compounds from ASGM. To address this sector, the GEF approved a $45 million global program, Global Opportunities for Long Term Development of the ASGM Sector (GEF GOLD). This program now has its own identity and is branded planetGOLD. 

During this side event, some of the main issues associated with the ASGM sector will be presented, including formalization, finance, and alternative technologies to mercury. Through video, the event will bring miners’ voices to the COP, to identify practical issues and barriers in reducing/eliminating mercury in ASGM. A panel of experts and the audience will then offer their perspectives and possible available solutions.

13:15 - 14:00

CET

Room 18

The event will address the various challenges of both the point and diffuse sources of mercury releases and emissions from the dental sector. A roadmap to phase out the use of mercury dental amalgam will be shared. It sets out a new standard for best environmental practices and utilize the best available technology for the permanent abatement of mercury pollution from the dental sector.

Programme: three PowerPoint presentations followed with opportunity for questions from the delegates to the expert panelists.

14:00 - 14:45

CET

Room 18

Moderator: Dr, Shahriar Hossain (World Alliance for Mercury-Free Dentistry), Bangladesh

Thèmes Items Speakers/Intervenants Duration
L’Amendement porté par la région Afrique, une priorité à l’ordre du jour de la COP 3 : Pourquoi un amendement porté par la région Afrique The African Amalgam Amendment, a high on agenda at COP3: Why the African Amendment Ing. Serge Molly Allo'o Allo'o (Gabon) 5mn
Pourquoi la fin de l’amalgame chez les enfants et les mères allaitantes est significatif et constitue une étape d’équité entre le monde entier et l’Europe Why Ending amalgam for children and nursing mother is significant and a step to equity of the entire world with Europe Dr. Graeme Munro Hall (UK) 5mn
Pourquoi la région Afrique soutien-t-elle l’élimination de l’amalgame dentaire ? Why does the Africa region support the face out dental amalgam? Dr. Christopher Kapeshi (Zambie) 5mn
Dommages environnementaux importants pour l'alimentation des enfants / Major environmental harm for children’s diets Explain the major environmental harm for children’s diets in developing countries unless the transition to mercury-free dentistry begins now Michael Bender (USA) 5mn
Pourquoi l’Alliance mondiale pour une dentisterie sans mercure soutient la proposition d’amendement de la région Afrique ? Why is the Global Alliance for Mercury Free Dentistry supporting the Africa Region Amendment Proposal? Charlie G. Brown (USA) 5mn
Fondement juridique de la proposition d’amendement de l’Annexe A proposé par la région Afrique Legal basis of the proposed amendment to Annex A proposed by the Africa region Dr. Wondwossen Syntayehu (Ethiopie/Institut Africain) 5mn
Open Discussions Reactions/comments   10mn
13:15 - 14:45

CET

Room 2

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) has challenging environmental and social implications. The sector significantly contributes to mercury emissions the environment creating damage to human health and the environment. Many efforts are under way to improve this situation. With this side-event the Government of Switzerland and its partners would like to discuss the implementation of the Minamata Convention with regard to ASGM in different countries such as Colombia, Ecuador, Ghana, Mongolia, Nigeria, and Peru. Where does mercury free ASGM work and why? What alternative approaches and better practices exist? How should tailings in ASGM be managed? How can formalization lead to better practices? How can a traceable value chain encourage the reduction of mercury use eventually to zero? What role can the harmonization of legislation play?

The event is targeted towards delegates from different ministries, NGOs and the private sector all dealing with the challenges in the ASGM sector. The event will discuss the questions above through concrete examples of different countries.

13:15 - 14:45

CET

Room 18

National governments, with funding provided by the GEF and technical assistance provided by GEF implementing agencies, have over the past years been implementing Minamata Initial Assessments (MIAs) that aim to strengthen national decision-making toward ratification of the Minamata Convention on Mercury and build national capacity towards implementation of future obligations.

The overall objective of this side event is to showcase how the knowledge generated through MIA contributes to timely and effective ratification and implementation of the Minamata Convention.

18:15 - 19:00

CET

Room 2

The burning of coal is one of the largest single anthropogenic sources of mercury air emissions. Although coal contains only small concentrations of mercury, it is burnt in very large volumes. And despite a growing number of countries moving away from coal, its global demand is expected to remain steady over the next 5 years at least. Up to 95% of mercury releases from power plants can however be reduced, by improving coal and plant performance and optimizing control systems for other pollutants.

Through this side event, the Global Mercury Partnership - Coal Combustion Area, will offer COP3 attendees - of both technical and non-technical background - a snapshot on the situation of mercury from coal burning. With a particular focus on applicability and costs, the event will provide hands-on state of the art knowledge and science on mercury monitoring, cost-effective control measures and abatement technologies. It will also feature national perspectives, with speakers presenting on the latest developments of the sector. Finally, participants will be invited to exchange with national and international experts through a participatory Q&A session.

18:15 - 19:00

CET

Room 18

This event aims to raise awareness among Parties and others about the opportunities and challenges presented by mercury-contaminated sites and the importance of addressing them to reduce global mercury pollution levels. It will present information about the state of mercury-contaminated sites globally, those that present some of the greatest risks, challenges and health impacts, as well as emerging technologies to address challenging sites such as active ASGM locations. Strategies to address primary mercury mining which is on the rise in some countries, will also be discussed with specific examples. In addition, it is anticipated that information will be presented on funding opportunities for the Parties to address contaminated sites within the framework of the Minamata Convention on Mercury.

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