Parties and Signatories

Number of Signatories: 128
Number of Parties: 133
Status of Signature, and ratification, acceptance, approval or accession
Participant Signature Status Date
Afghanistan Accession
Albania Ratification
Angola Signature
Antigua and Barbuda Accession
Argentina Ratification
Armenia Ratification
Australia Signature
Austria Ratification
Bahamas Accession
Bahrain Accession
Bangladesh Signature
Belarus Signature
Belgium Ratification
Benin Ratification
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Ratification
Botswana Accession
Brazil Ratification
Bulgaria Ratification
Burkina Faso Ratification
Burundi Ratification
Cambodia Ratification
Cameroon Ratification
Canada Ratification
Central African Republic Ratification
Chad Ratification
Chile Ratification
China Ratification
Colombia Ratification
Comoros Ratification
Congo Ratification
Costa Rica Ratification
Côte d'Ivoire Ratification
Croatia Ratification
Cuba Accession
Cyprus Ratification
Czech Republic Ratification
Denmark Approval
Djibouti Ratification
Dominican Republic Ratification
Ecuador Ratification
El Salvador Accession
Equatorial Guinea Accession
Estonia Accession
Eswatini (Kingdom of) Accession
Ethiopia Signature
European Union Approval
Finland Acceptance
France Ratification
Gabon Acceptance
Gambia Ratification
Georgia Signature
Germany Ratification
Ghana Ratification
Greece Ratification
Guinea Ratification
Guinea-Bissau Ratification
Guyana Ratification
Honduras Ratification
Hungary Ratification
Iceland Accession
India Ratification
Indonesia Ratification
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Ratification
Iraq Signature
Ireland Ratification
Israel Signature
Italy Ratification
Jamaica Ratification
Japan Acceptance
Jordan Ratification
Kenya Signature
Kiribati Accession
Kuwait Ratification
Lao People's Democratic Republic Accession
Latvia Ratification
Lebanon Accession
Lesotho Accession
Liberia Signature
Libya Signature
Liechtenstein Accession
Lithuania Ratification
Luxembourg Ratification
Madagascar Ratification
Malawi Signature
Malaysia Signature
Mali Ratification
Malta Ratification
Marshall Islands Accession
Mauritania Ratification
Mauritius Ratification
Mexico Ratification
Monaco Ratification
Mongolia Ratification
Montenegro Ratification
Morocco Signature
Mozambique Signature
Namibia Accession
Nepal Signature
Netherlands Acceptance
New Zealand Signature
Nicaragua Ratification
Niger Ratification
Nigeria Ratification
North Macedonia Ratification
Norway Ratification
Oman Accession
Pakistan Ratification
Palau Ratification
Panama Ratification
Paraguay Ratification
Peru Ratification
Philippines Ratification
Poland Signature
Portugal Accession
Qatar Accession
Republic of Korea Ratification
Republic of Moldova Ratification
Romania Ratification
Russian Federation Signature
Rwanda Accession
Saint Kitts and Nevis Accession
Saint Lucia Accession
Samoa Ratification
Sao Tome and Principe Accession
Saudi Arabia Accession
Senegal Ratification
Serbia Signature
Seychelles Ratification
Sierra Leone Ratification
Singapore Ratification
Slovakia Ratification
Slovenia Ratification
South Africa Ratification
Spain Signature
Sri Lanka Ratification
State of Palestine Accession
Sudan Signature
Suriname Accession
Sweden Ratification
Switzerland Ratification
Syrian Arab Republic Ratification
Thailand Accession
Togo Ratification
Tonga Accession
Tunisia Signature
Turkey Signature
Tuvalu Accession
Uganda Ratification
United Arab Emirates Ratification
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Ratification
United Republic of Tanzania Ratification
United States of America Acceptance
Uruguay Ratification
Vanuatu Accession
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Signature
Viet Nam Approval
Yemen Signature
Zambia Ratification
Zimbabwe Ratification

Declarations

Argentina

Declaration under article 30 (5): Pursuant to article 30 (5) of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, the Argentinian Republic declares that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force with respect of Argentina only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification or accession with respect thereto.

Armenia

Any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Republic of Armenia only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession in respect thereto.

Austria

"The Republic of Austria declares in accordance with Article 25 paragraph 2 of the Convention that, with regard to any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention, it recognizes both of means of dispute settlement mentioned in paragraph 2 as compulsory in relation to any party accepting the same obligation.."

Belgium

"This signature also engages the Wallon Region, the Flemish Region, the Brussels-CapitalRegion, the French Community, the Flemish Community and the German-speaking Community."

Canada

" Pursuant to Article 30(5) of the Convention, Canada declares that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for Canada only upon the deposition of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession with respect thereto.."

China

" In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the People's Republic of China decides that the Convention applies to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.."

Czech Republic

" .. in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article 30 of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, the Czech Republic declares that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Czech Republic only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession in respect thereto."

European Union

Declaration of Competence by the European Union in accordance with Article 30 (3) of the Minamata Convention on Mercury. The following States are at present Members of the European Union: the Kingdom of Belgium, the Republic of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Estonia, Ireland, the Hellenic Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, the Republic of Croatia, the Italian Republic, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Poland, the Portuguese Republic, Romania, the Republic of Slovenia, the Slovak Republic, the Republic of Finland, the Kingdom of Sweden, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Article 30 (3) of the Minamata Convention provides: '3. In its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, a regional economic integration organization shall declare the extent of its competence in respect of the matters governed by this Convention. Any such organization shall also inform the Depositary, who shall in turn inform the Parties, of any relevant modification of the extent of its competence. The European Union declares that, in accordance with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 192 (1) thereof, it is competent for entering into international agreements, and for implementing the obligations resulting therefrom, which contribute to the pursuit of the following objectives: - preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment; - protecting human health; - prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources; - promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems, including climate change. The following list of legal instruments of the Union illustrates the extent to which the Union has exercised its internal competence, in accordance with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, regarding matters governed by the Minamata Convention. The Union is competent for the performance of those obligations from the Minamata Convention on Mercury regarding which the provisions of Union legal instruments, in particular those listed below, establish common rules and insofar as these common rules are affected or altered in scope by the provisions of the Minamata Convention or an act adopted in implementation thereof. - Regulation (EU) of the European Parliament and the Council of 17 May 2017 on mercury, and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1102/2008, - Directive 2011/65/EU of the European Parliament and the Council of 8 June 2011 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (OJ L 174, 1.7.2011, p. 88), - Directive 2006/66/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 6 September 2006 on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators and repealing Directive 91/157/EEC (OJ L 266, 26.9.2006, p. 1), - Directive 2000/53/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 18 September 2000 on end-of-life vehicles (OJ L 269, 21.10.2000, p. 34), - Regulation (EC) 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products (OJ L 342, 22.12.2009, p. 59), - Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), establishing a European Chemicals Agency, amending Directive 1999/45/EC and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/94 as well as Council Directive 76/769/EEC and Commission Directives 91/155/EEC, 93/67/EEC, 93/105/EC and 2000/21/EC (OJ L 396, 30.12.2006, p. 1), - Regulation (EU) 528/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2012 concerning the making available on the market and use of biocidal products (OJ L 167, 27.6.2012, p. 1), - Regulation (EC) 1107/2009 of 21 October 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market and repealing Council Directives 79/117/EEC and 91/414/EEC (OJ L 309, 24.11.2009, p. 1), - Council Directive 93/42/EC of 14 June 1993 concerning medical devices (OJ L 169, 12.7.1993, p. 1), - Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions (integrated pollution prevention and control) (OJ L 334, 17.12.2010, p. 17), - Directive 2012/18/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directive 96/82/EC (OJ L 197, 24.7.2012, p. 1), - Regulation (EC) No 166/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 January 2006 concerning the establishment of a European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register and amending Council Directives 91/689/EEC and 96/61/EC (OJ L 33, 4.2.2006, p. 1), - Directive 2004/107/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2004 relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air (OJ L 23, 26.1.2005, p. 3), - Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1), - Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives (OJ L 312, 22.11.2008, p. 3), - Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April1999 on the landfill of waste (OJ L 182, 16.7.1999, p. 1), - Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2006 on shipments of waste (OJ L 190, 12.7.2006, p. 1). The exercise of competences which Member States of the European Union have transferred to the European Union pursuant to the Treaties is, by its nature, subject to continuous development. The Union therefore reserves the right to adjust this Declaration."

Germany

"Declaration under article 25 (2): The Federal Republic of Germany declares, in accordance with article 25, paragraph 2, of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, that it accepts both means of dispute settlement referred to in that paragraph as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting one or both means of dispute settlement. Declaration under article 30 (5): The Federal Republic of Germany declares, in accordance with article 30, paragraph 5, of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Federal Republic of Germany only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession with respect thereto."

India

"The Republic of India, in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article 30 of the Minamata Convention on Mercury declares that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Republic of India only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto."

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

".. pursuant to Article 30, paragraph 5 of the Convention, the Islamic Republic of Iran hereby declares that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Islamic Republic of Iran only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto. "Consistent with its principal policy of protecting and promoting the environment and human health, the Islamic Republic of Iran has ratified the Minamata Convention on Mercury. Fulfilling the obligations enshrined in the Convention is a clear duty of all relevant stakeholders including governmental or non-governmental; the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as the National Focal Point and the Organization of Protection of Environment as the National Authority of the Convention are assigned with the task of handling and monitoring the national implementation of the Convention. It is the understanding of the Islamic Republic of Iran that implementation of the Convention is subject to providing the developing countries with sustainable, adequate and accessible financial support, technical assistance, technology transfer as well as capacity building and proper training which are recognized in the Articles 13 and 14 of the Convention as part of responsibilities of all parties, specifically the developed country parties. The Islamic Republic of Iran is of the view that full and accurate implementation of the said articles is as necessary as other articles of the Convention and non-implementation of the said Articles may raise the issue of compliance. Should the above assistance and support fail to be adequate, timely and sustainable; the extension of the exemptions will be a necessity. The Islamic Republic of Iran would like to encourage all countries that have not yet done so, in particular developed countries to join the Convention and emphasizes that the whole international community should work together to realize the accepted principle of 'Common But Differentiated Responsibilities'."

Jamaica

.... any amendment to an Annex to the Convention shall enter into force for Jamaica only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.

Mauritius

Declaration under article 30 (5): .. Pursuant to article 30, paragraph 5, of the Convention, the Republic of Mauritius declares that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Republic of Mauritius only upon the [deposit] of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto..

Namibia

Declaration under article 30 (5): .. as per article 30 (5) [..] with regard to the Republic of Namibia, any amendment to an annex shall enter into force only upon the deposit of Namibia's instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto..

Netherlands

"The Kingdom of the Netherlands declares, in accordance with Article 25, paragraph 2, of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, that it accepts both means of dispute settlement referred to in that paragraph as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting one or both means of dispute settlement."

Norway

"In accordance with Article 25, paragraph 2 of the Convention, Norway hereby declares (b) Submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice."

Peru

"Declaration under article 25 (2) In exercise of the right to make the declarations or communications permitted under the Convention and in relation to article 25, paragraph 2, the Republic of Peru wishes to bring to the attention of the parties the declaration that it made on 7 July 2003 [..] which was made under Article 36, paragraph 2, of the Statute of the International Court of Justice, pursuant to which the Republic of Peru recognizes as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, in relation to any other party accepting the same obligation, subject to the condition of reciprocity, the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice in all legal disputes. Such declaration does not preclude the possibility of recourse to the arbitration and conciliation procedures established in the Convention (annex E) for the matter disputed if the other party or parties to the dispute agree to such in writing. The present declaration does not prevent the parties from settling the dispute through direct negotiation or any other means of settlement recognized by the Convention. Declaration under article 30 (5) In exercise of the right to make the declarations or communications permitted under the Convention and in relation to article 30, paragraph 5, the Republic of Peru declares that, with regard to it, any amendment to an annex shall enter into force only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto."

Seychelles

"Declaration under article 30 (5) .. in accordance with Article 30 (5) of the Convention, [..] any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Republic of Seychelles only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratifications, acceptance, approval, or accession with respect thereto..

Suriname

".. in accordance with Article 30 paragraph 5 of the Minamata Convention, [...] any amendment to an Annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Republic of Suriname only upon its deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto."

Thailand

".. any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force only upon the deposit of [the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand's] instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession in accordance with Article 30 paragraph 5."

United States of America

"The United States hereby declares, pursuant to Article 30, paragraph 5, that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the United States only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession with respect thereto."